Edward “Lumpy” Stevens (1735-1819)

Edward “Lumpy” Stevens (born 1735 at Send, Surrey; died 7 September 1819 at Walton-on-Thames, Surrey) was an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket from c. 1756 to 1789.

He was an outstanding bowler who is generally regarded as the first great bowler in the game’s history. He was universally known by his nickname and was always called “Lumpy” in contemporary scorecards and reports.

The beginning of Stevens’ career was before scorecards began to kept on a regular basis from the 1772 season. He may have come from a line of cricketers as two Surrey players called Stevens are mentioned in connection with the London v Slindon match in the 1744 season. Stevens probably began playing in great matches around the mid-1750s at a time when bowlers still bowled (i.e., trundled) the ball all along the ground, as in crown green bowls. It is not known if Stevens was the first to “give the ball air” but he was certainly around when that particular revolution occurred, probably before 1770. What is known is that Stevens was the bowler who made the most careful study of flight and worked out all the implications of variations in pace, length and direction mentioned above. He became a master of his craft.[1]

Unlike the Hambledon players who tended to represent their club only, Stevens made appearances for just about every team, including Hambledon. He is normally associated with Surrey teams in general and with the famous Chertsey club in particular. He continued as a player until he was 50 and played his last match on 2-5 September 1789 for All-England v Hampshire at Sevenoaks Vine[2]. It is not known what took place in his career following this game, but John Major suspected that Stevens enlisted in the British Army. On May 20, 1793 a letter signed by ‘A Kentish Cricketer’ written to Sporting Magazine describes an incident where an Ensign Hamilton, a member of the Sevenoaks Vine Club, had a cannonball deflected away from his head by a Sergeant. The magazine and the Maidstone Journal both linked the story to Stevens[3].

Style and technique
How he came by his legendary nickname is uncertain[4] but it may have been because he was adept at choosing a pitch to suit his very subtle variations of pace, length and direction. In the 18th century, choice of pitch was granted to one team according to the rules in situ and it was generally the leading bowler on that team who chose the place where the wickets would be pitched. According to the famous verse:
For honest Lumpy did allow
He ne’er would pitch but o’er a brow[5]

Family and personal life
Stevens was a gardener by trade and his bowling prowess earned him a job on the Walton-on-Thames estate of the Earl of Tankerville, a noted patron of the game[5].

Legacy
It is known that in a single wicket match on 22-23 May 1775, Stevens beat the great Hambledon batsman John Small three times with the ball going through the two stump wicket of the day. As a result of his protests, the patrons agreed that a third stump should be added[5].

Full name: Edward Stevens
Born: 1735, Send, Surrey, England
Died: 7th September 1819, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England
Batting: Right-hand batsman
Bowling: underarm Right-arm medium pace
Teams: Surrey (pre county club) (Main FC: 1773-1789); Hampshire (pre county club) (Main FC: 1774-1786); Kent (pre county club) (Main FC: 1774-1782); All teams

Lists of matches and more detailed statistics
First-Class Career Batting and Fielding (1772-1789)
M I NO Runs HS Ave 100 50 Ct
Overall 83 147 39 822 52 7.61 0 1 45

First-Class Career Bowling (1772-1789)
Balls Mdns Runs Wkts BB Ave 5wI 10wM SRate Econ
Overall 0 0 0 305 6-? 0.00 6 1 0.00 0.00

References
[1] From Lads to Lord’s; The History of Cricket: 1300–1787
[2] See scorecard in CricketArchive.
[3] Major, John S. (2007). More than a Game: the Story of Cricket’s Early Years. London: HarperPress. p. 114. ISBN 0-00-718364-X.
[4] John Nyren, The Cricketers of my Time (ed. Ashley Mote), Robson, 1998.
[5] a b c Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744-1826), Lillywhite, 1862.
[6] http://www.cricketarchive.com//Archive/Players/33/33025/33025.html – Accessed 22 November 2010